The Community Enclosure is a participatory instance that has existed since the twenties of the 20th century, at which time the Law of Communes was enacted. On that occasion, several rural communities adopted this juridical-institutional figure for the defense of their rights and access to the benefits of the State in the rural sector. This instrument has provided them with legal mechanisms to deal with landowners. The community as a form of organization has its origin in the Pre-Hispanic ayllu (indigenous community of the Andes), and can be defined as a collective with inter and intra-family ties that establish reciprocal relations, framed in a socio-political and economic system based on the cultural worldview of a people or nationality. On the Coast, rural dwellers and montubios refer to their communal territorial environment as an enclosure. According to official figures, both in the commune and in the compound there is significant participation.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision