Costa Rica

National Dialogue Table on Electricity

The National Dialogue Table on Electricity aims to be a space for plural and participatory debate in order to enrich the national policy on production of and access to electricity, through perspectives, inputs and proposals from the relevant social, political and economic stakeholders of the country. The Dialogue on Electricity is a first take, and a similar process will be carried out later on in the field of fuels and transport. The process will be led by the Ministry of Environment and Energy and will respond to the Government's commitment regarding citizen participation in public management. Likewise, the process has three successive phases of receiving proposals, of dialogue sessions, and finally the elaboration of the National Energy Plan. 60 people from different sectors participated in the first phase. Then forums and roundtables were held. It is estimated that around 500 people participated of all the activities.

Institutional design


Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

only backed by a governmental program or policy 
Mode of selection of participants
Type of participants
civil society private stakeholders  
democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision  


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Policy Evaluation


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Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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