Costa Rica

Clubes 4-S

The Clubes 4-S (lit. 4-H Clubs) have been operating in Costa Rica since August 1949 as a program of the Agricultural Extension Service of the Ministry of Agriculture and Industries. These are youth organizations. The program has grown to a total of 285 clubs with approximately five thousand members in 2016. The 4-S Clubs are an instance of out-of-school education, based on values of better citizenship, civic fervor, love of work and democratic traditions. These are children, young people and rural women organizations which allow their members to learn techniques that favor their development, group decision making and various personal abilities. They seek to stimulate the acquisition of new knowledge and the development of skills by working with projects that respond to the needs and desires of its partners, offering solutions and preparing them to assume a relevant social role in life.

Institutional design

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Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

Formalization
embedded in the constitution/legislation 
Frequency
regular
Mode of selection of participants
restricted 
Type of participants
citizens  
Decisiveness
democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision  
Co-Governance
yes 

Means


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation

Ends


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Implementation
Policy Evaluation

Sources

How to quote

Do you want to use the data from this website? Here’s how to cite:

Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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