Municipal Councils of Transport
The Municipal Councils of Transport are autonomous bodies that should assist the public sector by ensuring access to information and citizen participation in planning, operating and supervising the Public Transport System. These councils generally: cooperate with the municipality in studying and finding solutions for problems concerning urban passenger transport, and proposing measures for its improvement; propose guidelines for the creation, modification and termination of lines and itineraries; propose guidelines for the modification of timetables and the quantity of trips; propose measures to improve the quality of services provided by operators and their agents; express opinions and propose changes on the methodology for the calculation of fees and monitor its implementation; suggest amendments to the Regulations of Urban Transport Services; identify irregularities and complaints from users of the system, and transmit the report to the corresponding authorities; and propose adjustments to fees, therefore ensuring that they are compatible with the users’ purchasing power, so as to not penalize them.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- only backed by a governmental program or policy
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- civil society
- democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision