State Education Councils
The State Education Councils are advisory, regulatory, monitoring and deliberative bodies of the State School System with independent budgets that ensure their efficiency and administrative autonomy to act and decide in accordance with the functions and powers conferred by federal and state laws. The councils were instituted by the Act of Guidelines and Foundations of Education in 1996, which determines it is the states’, Federal District’s and municipalities’ responsibility to create regulatory agencies within their educational systems, in addition to the pre-existing National Council of Education.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- civil society
- democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision