Memory and Citizenship

?Memory and Citizenship? is an initiative implemented by the Peruvian civil association ?Japiqay?, with support of international non-profit organization ?The Engine Room?, and its aim is to increase awareness among citizens about the negative consequences and effects that corruption has on the country?s development, as an effort to strengthen and intensify the fight against corruption and impunity. The program consists of a digital repository that contains documentary memory of the corruption cases registered in Peru between 1980 and 2017. The information contained in the repository was collected and made public by the civil association. This digital tool allows citizens to have full access to truthful and objective information regarding corruption cases. The available data is grouped in three general categories: cases, actors involved, and documents. To facilitate research and information acquisition for the citizens, the repository contains searching tools and filters that can be activated to have access to specific data. In addition, all available documents -including official reports, court transcripts, financial records and testimonies, among others- can be downloaded in a PDF format.

Institutional design


Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

not backed by constitution nor legislation, nor by any governmental policy or program 
Mode of selection of participants
Type of participants
civil society  
democratic innovation yields no decision  


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Policy Evaluation


How to quote

Do you want to use the data from this website? Here’s how to cite:

Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

Would you like to contribute to our database?

Send us a case