El Salvador

Citizens' Initiative for Pensions

The Citizens? Initiative for Pensions (span. Iniciativa Ciudadana para las Pensiones) was promoted by a group of civil society organizations to propose a reform to the pension system in El Salvador. Their main aim is to improve the current conditions for workers and pensioners while offering safe savings, and stable and sustainable pensions. For the drafting of the reform proposal, the group conducted consultation workshops during a period of six months, in which petitions from at least 40 different organizations were taken into account, including labor unions, NGOs, scholars, and universities, among others. These workshops led to the final draft of a comprehensive reform initiative that was formally presented to El Salvador?s Legislative Assembly on February 2017. The initiative was then handed to the Treasury and Budget Commission for its consideration. After the formal review, the Legislative Assembly presented a modified version of the initiative that differed considerably from the original version. Consequently, the Citizens? Initiative group stated its opposition to the version presented by the legislative authorities.

Institutional design


Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

not backed by constitution nor legislation, nor by any governmental policy or program 
Mode of selection of participants
Type of participants
civil society  
democratic innovation yields no decision  


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Policy Evaluation


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Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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