El Salvador

Community Development Association (Asociaciones de Desarrollo Comunal; ADESCO)

Community Development Associations (Asociaciones de Desarrollo Comunal; ADESCOS) are community organizations that promote development at the community level. They work together with the mayor and local governments for the promotion and implementation of projects that benefit the community and improve their living conditions in areas such as health, education, water, infrastructure, and housing, among many others. They are composed of a maximum of 25 representatives, convene community assemblies to discuss public affairs and the needs of citizens, and mediate between citizens and authorities. These instances of participation are recognized by the Municipal Code of El Salvador and have been extended by the country at the local level. Recently, some of the ADESCOS adopted working commissions to facilitate the elaboration of reports and petitions between community members, specialists, and local governments.

Institutional design


Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

embedded in the constitution/legislation 
Mode of selection of participants
Type of participants
citizens civil society  
democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision  


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Policy Evaluation

How to quote

Do you want to use the data from this website? Here’s how to cite:

Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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