State Councils for the Promotion of Racial Equality
The State Councils for the Promotion of Racial Equality - or Councils for the Development of the African American Community - are collegial bodies responsible for promoting the social, cultural, political and economic development of the African American population through the analysis, formulation, proposition, evaluation and monitoring of programs and public policies that deal with ethnic/racial inequalities. The council functions as a kind of thematic parliament where the most pressing issues for the black population are discussed and solutions are proposed. A greater involvement of the civil society is a guarantee of amplitude, authenticity and focus on the real demands of the African American population; government representatives are responsible for the debate and analysis of such issues while considering technical and budget feasibility.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- civil society
- democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision