Regional Autonomous Councils
The Regional Autonomous Councils were created from the recognition of the autonomy of the indigenous and Afro-Nicaraguan peoples of the country. The territorial self-determination of these peoples entailed the decentralization of much of the power of the Central Government, since the councils represent a new autonomous and regional political-administrative body which, in addition to creating a space for dialogue between municipalities and the Government, ensure the political participation of indigenous and Afro-descendant communities in the development of public policies. The Councils have a Coordinator of the Government, a Board of Directors and a group of councilors, who are proportionately represented to the different ethnic groups of the region.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- democratic innovation yields a binding decision