National Policy of Midwives for the Four Native Groups of Guatemala
The National Policy of Midwives for the Four Native Groups of Guatemala was created from 33 round tables in which regional representatives of midwives, state agencies, and civil society and international organizations participated. During these meetings, main ideas for action were envisaged, including the recognition of midwives, the dissemination of their knowledge, the use of traditional medicine and the strengthening of institutions through the eradication of discriminatory practices. In the west of the country, 79% of births are performed by midwives (32% nationwide), and according to data from the Ministry of Health, 23 320 midwives are registered in the country. With the objective of harmonizing the governmental health system and that of indigenous peoples, the points agreed upon during the round tables were taken to a technical board of the Ministry of Public Health and Social Assistance. The policy, which was later translated into a proposed law, was approved by Congress, however, it was later vetoed by the Executive.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- only backed by a governmental program or policy
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- Citizens Civil Society
- Democratic innovation yields a binding decision